Principles of an Efficient Warehouse Layout
Before you start designing your warehouse, you should understand what you’re trying to achieve with your warehouse layout design.
Here are 3 major principles to keep in mind when planning your warehouse:
Consider how to maximise the space you can afford, taking into consideration storage, stock, offices, working areas, empty pallet storage, battery charging, etc.
With a wide variety of vertical racks and freestanding equipment, you should be able to design your warehouse in the way you need it initially, while being flexible enough to change it in the future if desired.
Warehouse flow can be summarised as the uninterrupted movement of materials, people, and traffic within your building.
Your first goal should be to cut down on any areas of high traffic or potential for cross-flow crashes.
So, each activity that an employee performs must be located as close as possible to the activity that precedes it and proceeds from it.
That also means materials used to perform those activities should be situated as close as possible to each workstation.
Your second goal should be to eliminate as much movement and disruption as possible.
Every product and all products on pallets should be accessible by everyone, usually without the need to move one product to get to another.
That means structuring your pallet racks in rows that are wide enough to accommodate pallet jacks and trucks, and stacking and stocking items strategically for minimal interference with one another.